Not only are we more ready to claim progenitors who may not have passed every litmus test for empirical or academic history, a greater inclusiveness regarding historical evidence from the oral, to the visual and material, to historians' own stories and memories has broadened at least some shared definitions of what counts as history. The myth of the neutral computer -- 2. Her ethnographic case study presents a compelling story of what it means to be a woman in the computing industry in the 1990s. Economic changes in the late 1980s and 1990s fostered a shift away from the old computing culture and toward qualities traditionally associated with women. This project is the brainchild of Prof. She grounds it in the peculiar mix of disappointment and die-hard optimism that constitute the history of women in this industry. Although few dispute the computer's place as a pivotal twentieth century artefact, little agreement has emerged over whether the changes it has precipitated are generally positive or negative in nature, or whether we should be contemplating our future association with the computer more with enthusiasm or trepidation.
This book undertakes a thorough evaluation of the legitimacy and predictive power of the optimistic commentary. At the end, we will see how ties change over time, what type of ties change, and what affects the changes. They capture the informal processes at work and augment our understanding of the work context of teleworkers. Moreover, she mounts a compelling argument for the importance of historical study and writing to the uneven but historically deep-rooted evolution of feminist thought and. I discuss two sets of theories: market transition theory and feminist theories analysing the household and household production processes. This book presents and discusses a large amount of new quantitative evidence to assess the likelihood of these predictions being realized as we move into the new millennium.
Woodfield draws on an extensive body of theoretical and empirical work dispersed within different bodies of research on both sides of the Atlantic. This analysis examines how social context shapes communication practices in telework, focusing on the impact of workplace relations. Computing industry is particularly suited for such a broad multi-faceted inquiry. Specifically with regard to the relationship between women and computers, a diverse body of commentary has embraced the views of those who have found grounds for expressing pessimism about this association and those who have favoured a more optimistic assessment of the situation and its probable future development. This book undertakes a thorough evaluation of the legitimacy and predictive power of the optimistic commentary. Despite this varied material, Woodfield has succeeded in organizing it consistently so that it bears directly on her argument. The emerging industry attracted a lot of women but their numbers surged and dropped in the 1980s.
For various reasons, including historians' increased interest in interdisciplinarity, a higher general level of comfort with linguistic theory and the significance of the discursive, and an apprehension of the importance of traversing cultural boundaries and therefore genres of evidence, women's history has become a more self-consciously diverse field. Read less 'Woodfield's discussion of her research and her detailed analysis of her interviews with Softech employees provides a fascinating window into an intense and highly selective work environment. A number of scholars have contributed to our growing understanding of the emergence, efflorescence, theoretical and political struggles, and complex provenance of women's history. Although there is a wealth of literature relating to gendered occupational segregation, there is comparatively little seeking to account for how work choices are made from the individual's perspective. Do they encounter distinct problems in their work and how do they cope with them? Including case studies of fire fighting and teaching, this book offers a qualitative exploration of girls' and women's reported journeys towards their work choices. Specifically with regard to the relationship between women and computers, a diverse body of commentary has embraced the views of those who have found grounds for expressing pessimism about this association and those who have favoured a more optimistic assessment of the current situation and its probable future development.
In addition, a second set of distinct arguments claiming radical changes of gender relations emerged. Women were perceived to have a distinct approach and generally better abilities to manage interpersonal relations, communication, and teamwork. Each of them draws on different strands of radical feminist theory. Do they use communication media differently? In turn, informal relations reflect the actual day-to-day communication, which smoothes down or impedes the completion of work. Softech: a 'twenty-first-century organisation' -- 4. The E-mail message field is required. This not only augments her findings but makes her book a valuable resource for researchers interested in women, work, and technology.
Do women simply prefer distinct types of work? In Viet Nam, decollectivisation entailed a highly egalitarian land redistribution and so presents a nearly unique case study. Há a necessidade de leis e políticas afirmativas que garantam à mulher condições efetivas de participação política, econômica e social. Mary Spongberg has produced a marvelously rich history of Western women's history writing, and the surprising number of women who compiled histories from the fifteenth century onwards. Writing Women's History Since the Renaissance is informed by a broad historical understanding, and is concise and lucid in its prose. It has also been suggested that women, because of their historical relationship with such skills, find themselves faced with a golden opportunity in computing. The female future and new subjectivities -- Conclusion: is the future female? This together with her discussion of the nature and validity of ethnographic work makes this book an excellent model for post-graduate research students designing similar studies of work environments.
This book undertakes a thorough evaluation of the legitimacy and predictive power of the optimistic commentary. The informal organizational culture was thus reminiscent of the old 1980s computing culture. Computers, communication and change -- 3. Using a large body of original qualitative data, it interrogates the bases of what it identifies as three waves of optimism and in doing so provides answers to some of the key questions asked in this field today. Ao examinar o impacto da intencionalidade socioeducativa na transformação das relações de gênero, argumenta-se que o saber social produzido na luta político-organizativa, a partir de uma leitura de classe e da influência da teoria feminista, promove a organização das mulheres camponesas em torno das demandas estratégicas de gênero com vistas ao enfrentamento das desigualdades e da subalternização da mulher.
Evidencia-se, no entanto, que apesar de sua importância, este processo pedagógico que emerge na dinâmica da luta social não é o suficiente para a transformação das relações de gênero. This article explores the ways in which liberalisation processes and the decollectivisation of agriculture have impacted on gender relations in Viet Nam. Conclusion: is the future female? I argue that collectivisation of agriculture presented some advantages for women, in that some work was socialised, and earning work points made their work more visible than it had been within peasant households. While some of the recent male recruits subscribed to the new ideas, those progressing through the hierarchy emulated the cultural traits of older managers. New forms of labour organising may be needed to assist rural women in realising land and other rights.