This ineluctably re-calibrates the bio-political arrangement into a more advanced mechanism, while discussion of the 'ethics of care' has been left relatively absent. As many manufacturing and high-tech service industries are transferred from the high-wage core nations of the North to the southern periphery, feminist theorists draw our attention to not only how particular regions or nation-states become the producers of these goods and services but to the differential access to and returns from such activities based on gender. The impact of economic restructuring on employment and family -- ch. Throughout, the emphasis is on the development of strategy for effective social change. This essay shows that regardless of existing laws and prominent female leaders, gender justice as a value must be attuned to the situated ethics of the majority populations in order to gain social legitimacy. Migration, household, and gender strategies Dimensions unknown Extent 1 online resource 554 p. In general, men are more likely to obtain formal employment while women diverge to the informal sector, which creates gender inequality.
This puts in question essentialist and reified assumptions about gender and gender differences. Rather than static stereotypes of Asia or of men and women, the dynamic and interacting forces of gender and economic growth stand out in these accounts. In postcolonial milieus, ideals of gender justice interact with diverse ethical regimes to shape the conditions of possibility for problematizing gender and possible solutions to gender inequality that cannot be predetermined. Despite lack of recognition, women's roles as workers, union organizers, wives, consumers, and producers have had substantial influence in the financial and industrial development of East Asia. Women's public access to paid work as an income-generating activity via their ties with the labor market has broadened some of their social entitlements, enabling them to gain economic independence and limited personal autonomy, to have greater control over household budget and decision-making, to increase their negotiating power with regard to childcare and domestic chores, and to raise their self-esteem Chow, 2002; Visvanathan et al. Contributors demonstrate through ethnography, personal narratives, field observation, and in-depth interviews the essential parts women have played in the national growth, economic restructuring, and industrialization of East Asian countries, including South Korea, Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, and China. Early in-depth studies 1982, 1987 examined how past and current social circumstances have structurally and culturally affected dynamic processes developing and transforming feminist consciousness among Asian American women.
Women working in factories have been a topic of heated debate since the time of the first Industrial Revolution in Britain Engels, 1845. Chow's multidisciplinary approach deserves a wideaudience. Contributors demonstrate the essential parts women have played in the national growth, economic restructuring, and industrialization of East Asian countries, including South Korea, Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Thailand. Esther Ngan-ling Chow, American University co-recipient Esther Ngan-ling Chow, Emerita Professor of Sociology at the American University, has offered groundbreaking sociological analyses of intersectionality to the understanding of women of color, including Asian and Asian American women. Essay topics include: gender inequality in the Taiwan workplace; working-class families and economic restructuring in Hong Kong; labor disputes in South Korea; and migration, marriage, and mobility in China. Within in each of the two comparisons, the chapter provides a stylized overview of salient social relational attributes and dynamics, with particular attention to the nexus of politics an economy, and considers how marketization and local responses to it acted on political and economic processes, including the formation of social policy regimes and the provision and payment for essential services.
Gender justice and rights cannot be unilaterally imposed, but are transmitted and translated through negotiations with situated religious and citizenship norms. Marriage migration led to social, demographic, and cultural transformations of current and future generations in these countries, and raised new issues in relation to race, ethnicity, gender, class, and nationality. Summary Transforming Gender and Development in East Asia brings together a collection of original essays from top scholars in the United States and Asia to explore the centrality of gender in the process of economic development in East Asia. While self-managed teams require independent and assertive workers, women workers are hired specifically for their docility. Its articles offer incisive feminist critiques of the differential effects on women and men of the Asian economic miracle.
Contributors demonstrate through ethnography, personal narratives, field observation, and in-depth interviews the essential parts women have played in the national growth, economic restructuring, and industrialization of East Asian countries, including South Korea, Taiwan, China, Hong Kong, Singapore, and China. Chow's multidisciplinary approach deserves a wideaudience. However, employment is mostly informal that imply poor working conditions, lack of labour rights, and is in addition to household and family responsibilities. This article explores the ongoing negotiation over the boundaries between the world of political economy and families by analysing the reactions and responses of the Japanese government and feminists to changes in the political economy as well as popular patterns of family forming since the 1990s. The challenge at hand is how to make more gender sensitive policies that take into account related reproductive rights of women workers and the labour rights of productive workers by involving the government, private sector, trade unions, and other civil society organizations.
Register a Free 1 month Trial Account. Recently, she published a book on intersectionality with Marcia Texker Segal in 2012. Transforming Gender and Development in East Asia brings together a collection of original essays from top scholars in the United States and Asia to explore the centrality of gender in the process of economic development in East Asia. . This book is a valuable contribution to our understanding.
Accommodating women into the workforce by creating informal worker organizations can help to reduce discrimination, facilitate job opportunities, and maintain their dual responsibilities is essential for economic growth and human development overall. The analysis observes that where in South Korea and Taiwan a series of democratically elected governments—including supposedly more conservative governments—voted for a string of measures that expanded the scale and scope of social policies, in Hong Kong and Singapore no such dynamic occurred. The E-mail message field is required. Finally, a general discussion regarding obstacles, limitations and ways forward for e-business in these economies is provided. This paper was written as an insight into the work of the World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization 2004 that aims to provide a fairer globalization for all.
Migration, household, and gender strategies -- ch. Chow published three articles in Teaching Sociology 1985, 1988, 2003 on critical feminist pedagogy and gendered curriculum transformation. This paper therefore demonstrates that labour practices and migration processes produce gender and migrant subjects. Chow pioneered the intersectional analysis of race, class, and gender in studying Asian American women. Because many Japanese women believe that caring is a private, household task that women should take on, it is difficult for women to avoid caregiving responsibilities and to access community resources Hashizume, 2000. The relationship between factors that may influence the establishment and growth of e-business within these economies are investigated empirically. Based upon fieldwork conducted among entrepreneurs in hairdressing and sewing in urban Zimbabwe, this study documents the negative effects of adjustment policies and globalization on these enterprises over the past decade.