With the modern political rhetoric that circles any talk of Turkish genocide, I will leave it at that. . I'm not quite sure if this book is mediocre, good, or excellent. I say this book is more than that since it is more like a gift to humanity in the sense that we must learn from the history to make sure same mistakes are not repeated again. Dizzying number of them from this era, not the least of which is Germany getting Lenin into Russia. Ottoman Endgame demonstrates the same pointless battles in the farthest eastern reaches.
A listing of some of the characters in the book taken from the Introduction gives an idea of the volume's scope and purpose. The only people left standing in their own country with their own history intact were the Turks, largely due to Mustafa Kemal taking it by force. The book emphasizes the support many Armenians were in fact lending the Russians both before and after the War. The Ottoman war effort is chronicled in detail, down to their troop operations on their multiple fronts, and the naval excursions into the Black Sea. Although and did find myself googling a few things sometimes, overall the maps and the author's descriptions render the book very comprehensible. McKeekin puts a great deal of stress on Russia's expansionist aims in explaining the course of political and military events in the Ottoman theater. From that perspective, it may seem somewhat unfair to complain about what this book lacks, but there are some disappointing oversights.
In this case, the problem is compounded by the fact that most names of people and places will be unfamiliar to most readers. Furthermore, Russia had a much bigger role in Ottoman affairs than is generally acknowledged. This was a great book on a subject I've been reading a lot about lately, the twilight and eventual dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. All might have gone according to that plan, but Mustapha Kemal Attaturk was still in charge of a small but effective fighting force in central Anatolia. In a war that lasted until 1923, he was able to expel the Greeks from Anatolia and to establish the boundaries of modern Turkey. With regard to the slaying of the Armenians, he thinks that the Ottomans were provoked, but says that everybody in the country knew about this event and he also mentions that the army had over 1000 courts martial for soldiers who either stood by or actively helped.
It's telling that Kemal had the opportunity to take in what's now the state of Iraq as part of Turkey and passed, seeing the region as ungovernable. A solid political, military, and diplomatic history of the period, this book benefits from an engaging style and a compelling narrative. Sean McMeekin's latest book is perfect for this purpose, as it describes the conflict from the Ottoman empire's perspective. Abstract: Between 1911 and 1923, a series of wars - chief among them World War I - would engulf the Ottoman Empire and its successor states. What I knew before The Ottoman Endgame: War, Revolution, and the Making of the Modern Middle East, 1908-1923 was that Franz Ferdinand was shot and then there were trenches, machine guns, and the iron cross of Kaiser Wilhelm. What you probably do not know is that they also manufactured the atmosphere of terror that still presides over dark and lonely public restrooms.
It controlled these areas for centuries, where many others failed to for even a few years, and it did so using religious power the Caliph in Istanbul , military might, and decentralized administration. You can change your cookie settings at any time. The book concludes with the thought that the fallout of Ottoman succession continues outside Turkey to this day, with constant ethnic cleansing, religious wars and battles for religious exclusivity all around it not to mention the unnatural borders the allies imposed for new countries. In examining the tremendous political, technical and industrial capital invested in digital television, Professor Galperin tells a central story of the digital age. With great storytelling flair, McMeekin makes new the epic stories we know from the Ottoman front, from Gallipoli to the exploits of Lawrence in Arabia, and introduces a vast range of new stories to Western readers. I had just finished a book on Turko-German relations by the same author that I was quite underwhelmed by, but I found this work to be far superior in every respect. Hundreds of thousands of people had to flee or were deported every year from one misery to another, based on their race, religion, ethnicity, ancestry and nationality.
I have never lived in a world without the country of Kuwait; it went completely unconsidered by me that borders could or did change or that countries might be created—imposed—by force or by fiat from outsiders with military superiority. I'd forgotten that the Versailles process raised the idea of putting the United States in charge of big swathes of former Ottoman territory 420ff. He also asserts that the diplomacy of 1923 concluded a conflict that began in 1911, and that the Ottomans were key players in both the outbreak and conclusion of the world war. It's a long book, though, told at a very thorough and detailed level. McMeekin helped me understand the era he describes and to see different ways of thinking about it. I didn't find the books wildly different in their perspectives, but there are some important differences. Ottoman Endgame offers some intriguing perspectives on the first World War.
The most interesting and topical part is how modern Turkey emerged at the end of the whole process. Beginning with Italy's invasion of Ottoman Tripoli in September 1911, the opening salvo in what would soon spiral into a European conflict, the book concludes with the establishment of Turkish independence in the Treaty of Lausanne, 1923. The most interesting and topical part is how modern Turkey emerged at the end of the whole process. It sounds dry, but it is not! Beginning with Italy's invasion of Ottoman Tripoli in September 1911, the opening salvo in what would soon spiral into a European conflict, the book concludes with the establishment of Turkish independence in the Treaty of Lausanne, 1923. A popular theory is that the carving up of the Ottoman lands after the war, pursuant to the Sykes-Picot Agreement between France and Britain, is the source of many of the problems of the current Middle East. On April 28, German soldiers occupied the Rada and arrested its deputies.
In any case it's a must read if you're interested in this time of history. I found the early portions of the book much more interesting, in which McMeekin familiarizes us with the state of the Ottoman Empire in the years leading up to the war. But it was, for , an apt signifier. This book will no I've read several books on the last days of the Ottoman Empire including Fromkin's A Peace to End all Peace and Rogan's Fall of the Ottomans and this book offered enough new insight to make it worth my time. But until the final hundred pages, it is rarely a Turkish perspective. In fact, the Ottomans ended up fighting the war on six different fronts, as the Entente Powers invaded them from many different angles. The epic, intercontinental carve-up of the Russian empire by the Germans and Ottomans, often neglected in favor of the epic 1918 western front battles, was very well presented.