Quebec Association of Protestant School Boards, 1984 Quebec sign law. The results and immediate aftermath of the 2006 federal election are included in various updated entries. In the aftermath of the rejection of the Charlottetown Accord, some people argued for constitutional negotiations through a constituent assembly as a compromise between the processes of executive federalism, which led to the defeat of Meech, and of direct democracy, which led to the defeat of Charlottetown. Prime ministers in Canada are well known for defending their ministers; rarely does a ministerial resignation result from opposition party criticism. Legislation restricting commercial activities on particular religious grounds has been declared unconstitutional Big M Drug Mart Ltd. Not unexpectedly, activists tend to be proportionately more numerous in regions where their respective party currently receives substantial electoral support. Some commentators have suggested that the Charter has contributed to the rise and prominence of single-issue interest groups and social movements that are less deferential to political elites and ill-disposed to the traditional processes of political bargaining, accommodation, and to a diminution of public identification with political parties and leaders, the traditional brokers of interests and conflict managers in the Canadian political system.
In recent years, the federal government caucus has had influence over government legislation regarding gun control, bank mergers and regulations, immigration, endangered species, terrorism, and even the budget. See Electoral system Populism Pork barrel Portfolio Positive negative entitlement Postmaterialism Premier Prerogative power President of the Queens Privy Council for Canada President of the Treasury Board Press, the. See Federal-provincial tax-sharing agreements fiscal federalism Federal-provincial tax-sharing agreements fiscal federalism Federalism Filibuster Finance, Department minister of Financial Administration Act Canada First Ministers Conference. The judicial determination that may declare the challenged election void is subject to appeal to the Supreme Court of Canada. Periodically statutes are published, bringing legislation amended since their original passage up to date. In 1993, the Treasury Board Secretariat absorbed the functions of the Office of Comptroller General.
This site is like a library, Use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. The results and immediate aftermath of the 2006 federal election are included in various updated entries. The results and immediate aftermath of the 2006 federal election are included in various updated entries. But the party formed the official opposition in Ontario in 1943, and won the election in Saskatchewan in 1944. The local, door-to-door canvassing of electors has been especially important for parties with large numbers of committed activists, but with insufficient money to reach voters through indirect, mass marketing techniques. See Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms 1982 ; Canadian Judicial Council; Supreme Court of Canada.
Following these public consultations, the first ministers resumed negotiations leading to the Charlottetown Accord, which was rejected in a country-wide referendum in 1992. Anti-Terrorism Act Amendment legislative; constitutional The alteration of the wording of a bill or motion before a legislature, or frequently a bill itself to alter current statutes or laws. Early events in the twentieth century, such as military conscription, the Union government of the teens and the Progressive party of the 1920s, the imperial Judicial Committee of the Privy Council that ceased to be a court of appeal in 1949, but whose decisions unquestionably influenced the course of Canadian federalism and constitutional development, and later events such as the October Crisis of 1970 and the National Energy Program of the 1970s are also included here because of their continued relevance to political attitudes and behaviour in Canada. The phrase may specifically refer to important agencies in government finance and administration—at the federal level, the Department of Finance, Privy Council Office, Treasury Board Secretariat, and the Public Service Commission. The clerk of the Senate is likewise the chief administrative officer of that chamber and performs functions comparable to those of the clerk of the house. Collectivism A value orientation that esteems group loyalty and individual commitment to a notion of the common good.
Select bibliography In addition to this book and Internet sites, there are many comprehensive works about Canadian government and politics, as well as collections of individually authored chapters, each approaching the subject differently and each revised over the years. The Liberals held the first federal party leadership convention in 1919. The phrase itself is an allusion to the practice of attaching a bell to a sheep to lead the flock. One was the influx of Loyalists—predominantly British and Protestant—following the American Revolution, who demanded political and legal rights such as they had enjoyed in the American colonies, including representative government, English common law, habeas corpus, and trial by jury. Coalition government A government-of-the-day that includes members from more than one political party.
The general amending formula requires a resolution of the Canadian parliament with majority support in each of the House of Commons and the Senate— although inaction or dissent by the Senate can be overridden by the house and the legislatures of two-thirds of the provinces that combined have at least 50 per cent of the population of all the provinces Constitution Act, 1982, ss. This might be the case where a party is virtually without popular support. See Monetary policy; Fiscal policy. It indicates the quality of character which Brown thought necessary for members of his wing of the Reform party in the Province of Canada. Given their sizeable francophone populations, the federal government has also permitted Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Ontario to participate in Agency-related activities. Prime Minister Lester Pearson marshalled forces inside and outside government to persuade the Progressive Conservative leader of the opposition, Robert Stanfield, to attend the house, promising that a confidence motion would be introduced, debated, and put to a vote.
British Columbia joined Confederation in 1871, followed by Prince Edward Island two years later. At least theoretically, decision-making in opposition caucuses can be more collegial, and parliamentary responsibilities more equitably distributed. MacMillan examines the normative basis of language rights in Canadian public policy and public opinion. The concept of Canadian citizenship as distinct from being a British subject was established in law in 1947. See Sections 91 and 92 Constitution Act, 1867 ; Spending power. It described a trend under Pearson to settle federal-provincial jurisdictional disputes through accommodative intergovernmental bargaining rather than through court decisions.
On allotted days, motions made by the opposition take precedence and motions of non-confidence are debated. Administration public The instruments and processes by which government policies are formulated, implemented, and reviewed. While accountability is a central feature of responsible government in the Canadian constitution, legislatures seldom defeat governments or precipitate the resignation of ministers. Constituency riding association Local political party organization in the constituencies of elected legislatures. Since Confederation in 1867, each cultural community—notably francophones throughout the country and minority-group anglophones, and more recently other ethnic communities in Quebec, including First Nations—has been sensitive to changes that might put it at a disadvantage in relation to the other group, and many issues have arisen to create anxiety and to heighten tension on the bicultural cleavage. More recent issues include the provisions enacted under the federal Official Languages Act, 1969, and the language and constitutional policies of successive federal and Quebec governments, notably those of the sovereignist Parti Québécois, since the 1960s. The fourth section develops a focus on the diverse and increasingly important influences of globalization on the Canadian polity, the environment, and the role of Canada in the world.
Conference of Provincial First Ministers Confidence of the House; Chamber of. Common law Law based on legal precedents stare decisis , or case law, as opposed to statutory or codified law. The disciplined party system and the secrecy that has traditionally enveloped the cabinet and public administration usually enable governments and ministers to survive opposition criticism. Constituency riding A geographic area defined for legislative representation. Chief Electoral Officer Elections Canada elections. As grassroots movements, they possessed a membershipbased, extra-parliamentary organization whose behaviour and policy positions had to be respected by the leader and the parliamentary caucus of the party. Throughout, Smith systematically integrates consideration of the role of gender, racialization, and indigeneity in contemporary Canadian group and movement politics.