Yet Tamil: A Biography succeeds at this remarkably well. Presented in the format of a south Indian musical composition, the chapters take the reader through the whole of Tamil cultural history, from its beginnings at the end of the first millennium B. Shulman sneaks into this chapter an utterly breathtaking meditation on the Tamil idea of mĕy truth , uyir breath, sort of and vāymŏli true speech as articulated by the Chola-era temple poet Kamban in his well-known version of Ramayana. Fiction often offers a much closer approximation to truth than what passes for fact can give us. Impetuous, musical, whimsical, in constant flux, Tamil is a living entity, and this is its biography. Clearly, a nĕytal poem of the coast: this is Narriṇai 272, attributed to Mukkal Ācān Nalvĕḷḷaiyār.
Cilappatikāram tells the story of the long-suffering wife turned firebrand Kaṇṇaki who is an enduring icon of chaste womanhood in modern day Tamil Nadu. Spanning centuries and capturing minute details, this book reveals the inner energy of Tamil. She was born on Year, 1983 in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Region-specific variations The situation of Tamil is characterised by : there are two separate registers varying by , a high register and a low one. Instead, plosives are articulated with voice depending on their position in a word, in accordance with the rules of. Rather than tread gingerly, Shulman dances like a ballerina.
The moment he starts with why he considers Tamil as a life form instead of a language, you will be hooked on to the book. In addition, with the creation in October 2004 of a legal status for classical languages by the and following a political campaign supported by several Tamil associations, Tamil became the first legally recognised of India. The book takes us through the history of Tamil as a language, using examples from poetry and prose. Most contemporary cinema, theatre and popular entertainment on television and radio, for example, is in koṭuntamiḻ, and many politicians use it to bring themselves closer to their audience. Venkatesh, famous yesteryear music director, with whom Ilaiyaraja had worked as an assistant.
He elaborately dwells into the legends surrounding the origins and development of Tamil grammar. Although many of the differences between Tamil and Malayalam demonstrate a pre-historic split of the western dialect, the process of separation into a distinct language, Malayalam, was not completed until sometime in the 13th or 14th century. The book traces a chronological sequence from the prehistory of the language up to modern times. He shuffles between the two and often negotiates an intellectually thrilling compromise. In 2003 she produced the film Bheeshmar. In recent times, however, koṭuntamiḻ has been making inroads into areas that have traditionally been considered the province of centamiḻ. The one whose neck grew dark with poison.
One is the evolution of the Tamil language itself. The book is one of the definitive, unbiased pieces of writing on Tamil and celebrates the beauty of the language. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other states of , , and and the Union Territory of the. A large number of literary works in Old Tamil have also survived. He gained his doctorate in Tamil and Sanskrit. Nearer our times, the poet Bharathidasan declared that Tamil was born with the sun, the moon, the sky, the stars and the seas. This has a very crucial place in language studies in India.
Shulman takes great pains to ensure that no reader is alienated by the context. Contents: Beginnings: alapanam -- First budding, Tamil from the inside : pallavi -- Second budding, the musical self : anupallavi -- The imperial moment, truth, and sound : caranam 1 -- Republic of syllables : caranam 2 -- A Tamil modernity : caranam 3 -- Beyond the merely modern : ragamalika. Geographic distribution Tamil is the primary language of the majority of the people residing in , , in India and , , in Sri Lanka. We will have occasion to speak further of Sanskrit-in-Tamil in the following chapters. This overview, as in other chapters, is in dialogue with the internal history of the language rich as it is in myth and legend. Demonstratives and modifiers precede the noun within the noun phrase.
You do not have to be Tamil to appreciate the significance of this book. Tamil does not have a a linking verb equivalent to the word is. A strong sense of is found in Modern Tamil, which opposes the use of foreign loanwords. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. He also discusses the impact of various kingdoms, castes and temples on the growth of the language. In phonological terms, the most important shifts were the virtual disappearance of the aytam ஃ , an old phoneme, the coalescence of the alveolar and dental nasals, and the transformation of the alveolar into a.
The treasures of the Tamil language deserve a wide audience--thus the book is aimed at readers with no special knowledge of India no less than at speakers and connoisseurs of Tamil. October 2004 26 September 2007 at the 26 September 2007 at the. She has appeared in Tamil and Malayalam films and in television serials of both languages. Mumtaj gained huge fan base after she started casting as an item number in many films. In a sense, Shulman is arguing against all these models that have dominated the writing of literary history in Tamil. David Shulman is an able and enthusiastic biographer. Although Tamil dialects do not differ significantly in their vocabulary, there are a few exceptions.