Acknowledgements Grateful thanks to Stephen Shennan who inadvertently prompted me to locate this archive, the Arts and Humanities Research Council who provided funding to the Ashmolean Museum for their online catalogue of British Archaeology collections, and Alison Roberts and Claire Burton who gave me a warm welcome in Oxford. The main results of the Pull's excavations at Blackpatch, Church Hill and Cissbury between 1922 and 1956 housed in the archive were finally published in 2001 by Miles Russell of. Report on some further discoveries at Cissbury. After finishing at Blackpatch, Pull moved on to investigate the flint mines of Church Hill 1932-39 and 1945-49 and then Cissbury 1952-56. Interpreting hidden chalk art in southern British Neolithic flint mines.
Flint exploitation, whose significance in the production of axes has been grossly underestimated, is considered in especial detail with a full survey of flint mines and quarries. York University, Department of Archaeology. Contents: 1: Introduction 2: John Henry Pull: A Biography Sally White 3: An Excavation Methodology for Flint Mines 4: Excavations at Blackpatch, 1922-32 5: Excavations at Church Hill, 1933-9, 1946-52 6: Excavations at Tolmere, 1949 7: Excavations at Cissbury, 1952-6 8: Additional Fieldwork High Salvington, Mount Carvey, Myrtlegrove, Strawberry Patch 9: Catalogue of Surviving Flintwork from the Worthing Group of Mines Julie Gardiner 10: Conclusion: Sussex Mines in Context Appendix 1: Discovery and Description of the Flint Mine Area at Blackpatch J. Voice Appendix 3: Skeleton of Britain's Most Ancient Miner Found Beneath a Fall of Rock J. Suggestions for particular rock cutting applications are made at the end of the article. Between 1922 and 1932, Pull supervised the complete excavation of a 9 mine shafts, 4 flint working areas, 11 round mounds and associated features at Blackpatch. It includes reports from four major areas of flint mining Blackpatch, Church Hill, Cissbury and Tolmere , largely based on contemporary records and accounts, with comments and observations from Miles Russell.
The specialist reports and studies of artefact assemblages are to be published in a separate report. The book presents much of the information without significant editing or alteration, so that it is essentially the original work of John Pull and his collaborators C. He was responsible for the finding and excavation of some of the most important sites in Southern including the flint mines at , , , in , , in 1922. Miles Russells compilation of the work of John Pull is an excellent tribute to a remarkable amateur archaeologist. The Ashmolean Museum kindly provided permission to reproduce Figure 4 and my photographs here.
Paper presented at Megaliths, Societies, Landscapes: Early Monumentality and Social Differentiation in Neolithic Europe, Kiel, Germany, 16 th—19 th June 2015. Voice Appendix 3: Skeleton of Britain's Most Ancient Miner Found Beneath a Fall of Rock J. York: Council for British Archaeology. Dr Russell has added a valuable general appraisal of the mines in Sussex. Pull Appendix 5: Selected Correspondence from the John Pull Collection held by Worthing Museum this book will be a useful reference for all archaeologists.
Any discovery of this nature would create such a revolution in our views of the condition of the early inhabitants of this country in the stone age, that although we must, of course, be prepared at all times to receive new truths, we ought not lightly to accept an assumption so much at variance with all collateral evidence Lane Fox in Harrison 1887a: 438—39. It makes one wonder how many similar treasure troves lurk in our museums, and whether, if listed and made known, more people would be encouraged to write up old unpublished excavations, dispiriting though that can often be. Faculty: Research Centre: UoA: Neolithic Flint Mines are the earliest industrial monuments in Britain. Mining, burial and chronology: the West Sussex flint mines in the Late Neolithic and Early Bronze Age, in P. The paper includes gazetteers of caches of stone axes many previously unpublished and of axes found in burials. Voice Appendix 3: Skeleton of Britain's Most Ancient Miner Found Beneath a Fall of Rock J. An archive report on recent excavations at Harrow Hill, Sussex.
Available at: accessed 21 September 2015. In Towards a New Stone Age: Aspects of the Neolithic in South-East England. A major study of axe morphology is reported on. Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland 6: 263—71. He was a key member of the. It makes one wonder how many similar treasure troves lurk in our museums, and whether, if listed and made known, more people would be encouraged to write up old unpublished excavations, dispiriting though that can often be.
It makes one wonder how many similar treasure troves lurk in our museums, and whether, if listed and made known, more people would be encouraged to write up old unpublished excavations, dispiriting though that can often be. Flint is a stone which in hardness and durability is second only to diamond. To say that we were amazed would be an understatement says Miles Russell. Rough quarries, rocks and hills. This may indicate a chronological difference as it is probable that this chalk art is from an earlier date. The decorated surfaces were all smoothed to some degree prior to marking. Rock carvings at Goatscrag rock shelters, Northumberland.
These may therefore be the earliest datable examples of Neolithic art in Britain. Sadly, the earthworks comprising his first investigated site at were bulldozed over in the 1950s. The majority of marks appear to have been made either with a rounded tool or a sharp implement. Mining and materiality in the British Neolithic. The finds, moreover, were all there, in storerooms and museum cases. The Neolithic was a period of prolific activity for the South Downs in Sussex, when enclosures and monuments were being built, ditches cut, large areas cleared and flint was extracted from the ground. Pull Appendix 4: Cissbury Excavations 1956 J.