It develops a comparative organisational perspective and applies it in an analysis of decision making structures in 26 European universities in eight countries focusing on two dimensions of decision making in universities — engagement and decentralisation. From an evaluation research perspective, this type of investigation is called program evaluation, particularly in education, where policy deployment effectively works as an intervention Owen the term program evaluation will be used as it strongly aligns with evaluation research. On the other, it tries to supplement Merton's treatment of the factors that account for the emergence of unintended consequences by providing more specific and convincing explanations. El libro estudia las situaciones de riesgo en los procesos de formulación y ejecución de las políticas públicas en el Sistema Universitario Español. There is a general tendency amongst policy and certain academic circles to assume that universities are simple strategic actors capable and willing to respond to a well-articulated set of regional demands. After three decades of evaluation, Mexican academics continue doing poorly by any international comparison.
Yesilkagit Path-Dependent and Path-Breaking Changes in the French Administrative System: the Weight of Legacy Explanations P. Meyer-Sahling The New Member States of the European Union: Constructed and Historical Traditions and Reform Trajectories T. As a result, this program evaluation, also known in some disciplines as policy implementation analysis, will demonstrate the applicability of illuminative evaluation as a methodology and reinforce how program evaluation will assist and advise future government reform and policy implementation, and will serve as a legacy for future evaluative research. These developments have, in turn, transformed the environment in which universities operate into one which is ever more challenging to navigate. During the past three decades, higher education institutions have been changing, moving away from the traditional bureaucratic archetype towards a more managerialist one. The paper examines patterns of organizational control and their environmental couplings through three parallel case studies of public universities in three European countries. The aim of the article is to explore the impact of excellence as a powerful policy idea in the context of recent and contemporary developments in three selected Central and Eastern European countries, namely, the Czech Republic, Poland and Ukraine.
. The results indicate that those who participate in the Erasmus programme are already more inclined towards future geographical mobility and international jobs before participating. For public universities, state-level policy processes are of greatest importance. First, in section 6, the chapter looks at the human resources: the role, selection and promotion of academic staff. This paper gives an overview of some regulatory requirements for the labeling of clinical trial samples. Cheung Administrative Tradition in India: Issues of Convergence, Persistence, Divergence and Challenges O. These data sources are aligned with those used in existing studies analysing higher education reforms see Gornitzka et al.
This book presents a comprehensive, international discussion of implementation analysis in higher education and an extensive review of relevant recent literature. The objective has been to sketch the major outlines of the story of how accountability policies developed, recognising that many details cannot be covered. It must be underlined that governance and the academic culture are linked in a complex texture of interactions and effects. Internal factors; employees and students, external stakeholders; tradesmen and high school students can be seen as the nearest groups to the institution. National case studies offer analyses of the implementation of higher education policies in several countries, providing a broad range of situations in terms of duration of implementation, legal objectives, theories underlying the reforms, financial resourcing, and commitment from key participants in the process.
The outcome of this debate is uncertain: these policies have become institutionalised, meaning that policies that once aimed at reforming higher education seem themselves to be impossible to reform. Two main legal reforms have been implemented 1983 and 2001 and both have had an important impact on the whole system. Verheijen Conclusion: Administrative Traditions in an Era of Administrative Change M. Today, because every city has at least one university, reputation and protection are important in attracting students to the university. Presents a study based on a secondary study of concrete implementation processes described in the literature and a cross-analysis of the implementation processes in which the author was involved personally. Organizations with low reputation are likely to fall back to similar organizations. It further explores how higher education policies are shaped by and affect universities.
The importance and interplay between these factors have varied over time. But the attention of scholars and policy-makers has focused on the design of national reform strategies, whereas very little attention has been paid to the actual changes that they have produced. The rich empirical accounts provided in this volume—around the four main themes surveyed—suggest that our assumptions were largely correct. Postmortems and autopsies, at the individual and hospital unit levels, are disciplined approaches to learning from medical failures. Oba paradygmaty w różnych momentach historycznych z różną siłą się ze sobą ścierają. It focuses on the strength of university managerial structures, the role of academics, and how universities relate to and depend on their environment: to governments and other actors; to funders; to evaluators; and to external stakeholders. In the second part, a set of chapters analyses the effective and specific complexities of the implementation of higher education policies in several countries, offering a wide variety of situations both in terms of duration of implementation, legal objectives, adequacy of causal theories underlying the reforms, adequacy of financial resources and degree of commitment of the main actors of the process.
This comparative evidence provides the empirical basis for an extensive discussion of four main types of unanticipated consequences of university governance reforms: the shortcomings of governing boards with external members; the resilience of forms of self-government; the shift to forms of collective institutional leadership; and the fluctuations between centralization and decentralization trends. It describes a record of decades-long pressure by state policy makers, but also documents actions by several non-governmental policy actors. The analysis will focus on four core areas, and their interplay, currently considered as key elements in that transformation: - The changes in the external and internal governance of higher education and the way these relate to institutional quality and performance; - The implementation of institutional policies aiming at improving the quality of the academic endeavour; - The institutional development of systems of performance management; - The analysis of changes in the balance of power and the concurrent re-definition of the role of academic and non-academic professionals. The study aims to provide fundamental pointers to current language policy implementation in the country as well as to other contexts undergoing similar changes. The aim is to explain cross national variation focusing on the relationship between political-administrative structures, implementation processes, policy instruments and substantive outcomes. An important goal is to understand how far soft law methodologies, even when adequate to foster change, are adequate to ensure convergence and embeddedness of policy implementation and coordination, as there are successive levels national, regional, institutional, etc.
Napisało dla nas grono wybitne, które jak dotąd nigdy nie zaistniało w jednym miejscu. The new complexities in city response to climate change challenge mainly focus on climate mitigation policy initiatives. While these regions have often been overlooked in the mainstream literature on university-region dynamics because they do not readily offer up success stories, they do facilitate an exploration into the challenges and difficulties that arise at the intersection of the university and region. Pierre In Search of the Shadow of the Past: Legacy Explanations and Administrative Reform in Post-Communist East Central Europe J-H. Istotny jest też kontekst, w którym prezentowany tom powstawał — na zakończenie cyklu debat w ramach Kongresu Nauki Polskiej i przed jego ostatnią, podsumowującą konferencją. This book presents a comprehensive, international discussion of implementation analysis in higher education and an extensive review of relevant recent literature. The last two decades have witnessed a trend toward a more active state role, with states pressing higher education institutions for greater accountability.