Hill, Structural Control on Downdip Locking Extent of the Himalayan Megathrust , Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth , 123 , 6 , 5265-5278 , 2018. Analysis of changes in the orthometric correction and changes in the geoid as a function of changes in gravity indicates that height determinations are almost insensitive to temporal variations in gravity. Cho 2012 , Coseismic and postseismic crustal deformations of the Korean Peninsula caused by the 2011 Mw 9. Overall, the Red River sediment budget from the offshore Yinggehai and Qiongdongnan basins provides an important constraint on the timings of these tectonic events as well as the related climate change during the Cenozoic Indo-Asian collision. Naidu, Low deformation rate in the Koyna—Warna region, a reservoir triggered earthquake site in west-central stable India , Journal of Asian Earth Sciences , 10. LaFemina 2006 , Is there a northern Lesser Antilles forearc block? We conclude that the contraction direction of strain is consistent with the maximum horizontal stress derived from focal mechanism and breakout data. Reinoza 2011 , Present-day deformation along the El Pilar Fault in eastern Venezuela: Evidence of creep along a major transform boundary, J.
Oldow 2000 , Active displacement partitioning and arc-parallel extension of the Aleutian volcanic arc based on Global Positioning System geodesy and kinematic analysis, Geology, 28 8 , 739—742,. Heidbach 2012 , The 2009 horizontal velocity field for South America and the Caribbean, in Geodesy for Planet Earth, vol. We also find that the models require a convergence rate of 15. Bürgmann 2005 , Contemporary crustal deformation around the southeast borderland of the Tibetan Plateau, J. Solomon 2012 , Lithospheric strength and strain localization in continental extension from observations of the East African Rift, J.
King 2006 , Crustal motion and strain accumulation in western Bulgaria, Tectonophysics, 413 3—4 , 127—145,. In addition, expanded applications of space geodesy to atmospheric studies will remain a major focus with emphasis on ionospheric and tropospheric monitoring to support forecasting extreme events. The largest and most severe earthquakes occur on the boundaries of the Indian plate to the east, north and west of the sub-continent. Moreover, our data recognize distinctive fault segments showing varying thrust activity along strike of the Main Frontal Thrust, the Main Boundary Thrust, and in the vicinity of the steep topographic transition between the Lesser and Greater Himalaya. Synthesis of Published Velocities The majority of geodetic velocities are derived from campaign-style measurements and are typically published in the literature. Simons 2013 , Andean structural control on interseismic coupling in the North Chile subduction zone, Nat. Kanbari 2007 , Twenty-five years of geodetic measurements along the Tadjoura-Asal rift system, Djibouti, East Africa, J.
Larsen 2013 , Active tectonics of the St. Collard 2010 , First global positioning system results in northern Myanmar: Constant and localized slip rate along the Sagaing fault, Geology, 38 7 , 591—594,. Repeated levelings continue to provide the best basis for determining terrestrial vertical displacements. A more active appearing structure, the Dauki fault bounds the plateau to the south. Devlioti, Spatial mapping of earthquake hazard parameters in the Hindukush—Pamir Himalaya and adjacent regions: Implication for future seismic hazard , Journal of Asian Earth Sciences , 10.
The simplest and probably the most accurate procedure for determining vertical displacements is based on direct comparisons between observed elevations derived from repeated levelings along the same line. Fortes 2003 , The Nazca—South America Euler vector and its rate of change, J. The location and magnitude of Himalayan tectonic activity has been debated for decades, and several aspects remain unknown. Toksoz 2012 , Kinematics of the eastern Caucasus near Baku, Azerbaijan, Nat. At least three collocated sites are needed to solve for a translation and rotation rate. The inferred coupling transition is closely aligned with geologic reconstructions of the base of the midcrustal ramp in central and eastern Nepal, but in western Nepal, the data suggest that the location is intermediate between two proposed ramp locations.
Data from the Trans-Indus and western Salt Range and published Early Cambrian, Early Permian and Late Tertiary palaeomagnetic results from the southern Salt Range and the Potwar Plateau show that the Hazara Arc underwent a 20—45° counterclockwise rotation relative to the Indian Shield. Successions of Lower to lower Middle Cambrian, Upper Permian to Upper Triassic and Lower Tertiary carbonates and arenites have been sampled in five sections, representative of the three main segments of the Mianwali reentrant in the Trans-Indus Salt Range northern Pakistan , i. Auxiliary material for this article contains two data sets, one table, one text file, and one figure. Internal shortening of the Tibetan plateau itself accounts for more than one-third of the total convergence. Some parts of this oblique motion are accommodated by pure strike-slip faults e. In the Sikkim and Bhutan Himalaya, the locking zone is wider than elsewhere along the Himalaya. Results show that the Red River sediment mainly accumulated in the Yinggehai basin and the west part of the Qiongdongnan basin, and there are three sedimentary accumulation peaks in the Red River sediment budget during ~29.
The Mianwali reentrant originated through obstruction of the southwards advancing thrust sheet by moulding around basement topography of the northwest oriented Sarghoda Ridge. North of the chord, the tectonic style is different. Mit dem amazon-Kindle ist es aber nicht kompatibel. Concerning sea areas, this data set is based on a collection of point free air gravity anomalies. From a multi annual solution, involving at least 2 years of continuous data, the coordinates and velocities as well as their accuracies were estimated.
In those cases we also used velocities from the literature synthesis. The spatial variation of fault coupling coincides well with the epicentral areas of historical earthquakes. We discuss these new findings and their historical antecedents, and identify current trends in seismogeodetic research that are likely to contribute to a new understanding of future Indian earthquakes. Geosystems, 10 2 , Q02003,. However, we do not yet have velocity measurements across the northwest subcontinent to provide a direct estimate of deformation across the region. Reilinger 2010 , Geodetic constraints on active tectonics of the Western Mediterranean: Implications for the kinematics and dynamics of the Nubia-Eurasia plate boundary zone, J.