Comparable mechanisms like those that are known from the history of science, also apply in relation to psychoanalysis. Pluralism in theory and in research — and what now? The concept lends itself well to demonstrate a problem that presents itself similarly with many of our concepts, namely, the reference problem: what are we referring to in the world, when we speak of transference? He designed and implemented some of the first systematic studies into what are now widely recognised clinical syndromes. The Problem of Aims in Psychoanalytic Therapy. Contact your university librarian in the event of problems. Our analytic concepts do change; they live just like scientific language games in general live.
I modelli della mente di Freud. The importance of inner conflict. Canadian Journal of Psychoanalysis, 11 1 :241-243 Foundations for Conceptual Research in Psychoanalysis: Anna Ursula Dreher London: Karnac Books, 2000, 200 pp. There is a detailed description of a conceptual research project on psychic trauma. One may mention the possibly varying answers to such important questions like: what is normal; or from which degree on, mental disturbances can be understood as an illness; and what are the intended aims of an analytic cure Sandler and Dreher 1996; Dreher 2002. Pluralism in theory and in research—and what now? As the psychoanalytic community has recognized the pressing need for an expanded and sophisticated analytic research enterprise, we urgently need help to better understand the past difficulties and new opportunities for psychoanalytic research.
All this took place in close discussion with the analysts treating the respective cases. And for many it is above all the choice of the right method, which will determine whether something is seen as scientific. One point in advance: There is no such thing as conceptual research as a unified and standardized procedure, just as empirical research as such or the experiment as such do not exist. But — besides the progress in clinical experience and scientific research mentioned — what actually are the historical and social reasons for concept changes? The explicit intention to discuss concepts controversially, as well as seeking consensus or recording dissent, can be found especially in panel discussions. If you have a personal subscription on your own account or through a Society or Institute please put your username and password in the box below.
Whatever other factors may have generated the variety in our concept use, this variety is judged differently: some complain about the Babel of languages, others do not. In Drehers opinion, this unduly restricts and impoverishes the concept of transference. Nel sito web del C. The key concepts and issues explored in this book include: Are transference interpretations necessary for positive therapeutic outcomes? London, Karnac, 1992 Sandler J, Dare C, Holder A, et al. So, for example, not infrequently a pars-pro-toto mistake shows up, when analytic concepts are operationalised in empiristic research technologies: one manages to grasp one, certainly important aspect of many; however, one fails to do justice to the complexity of the concept. Language thus has a double function: as ordinary language in the talking cure, but also as scientific language when we discuss case studies or introduce our ideas at conferences, or when we present research findings.
She believes strongly that there is a place for non-empirical research. A reasonable concept use can in effect only be achieved through good arguments and consensus. London, Routledge, 1996 Sandler J, Sandler A-M, Davies R: Clinical and Observational Psychoanalytic Research: Roots of a Controversy. Thus, considering the canon of conceptual research methods, exactly the same applies that any other kind of research also claims for itself. As a working definition I would suggest: conceptual research is concerned with the systematic and methodic investigation of the explicit and implicit meanings of analytic concepts and conceptual fields — in their clinical and extra-clinical use. For the changing trends in the research landscape do not principally withdraw from reflection. This is a minor criticism and perhaps unavoidable in a work which explores foundations.
Panels and the concept-study-groups are established and generally accepted models for activities which, so-to-speak, meet the minimum requirements for conceptual research. Target, M; 2002 Foundations for Conceptual Research in Psychoanalysis: Anna Ursula Dreher, London: Karnac. Attempts to clarify concepts in discourse are, especially in the English-speaking world, nothing new. Nevertheless, it is clear that conceptual research works intensively with language use and meaning-spaces. But in which sense do they use this term? In all these considerations and discussions the use of the concept had undergone a significant extension. Laplanche and Pontalis 1973 , then also Moore and Fine 1990 have been reliable companions; the new volume by de Mijolla 2002 will perhaps play this role in future.
Description: 1 online resource xi, 208 pages. Trauma may be so narrowly defined that the ego is considered to be totally overwhelmed, with no possibility of adequately registering the trauma or responding to it. And this in turn provoked discoursive clarification attempts regarding the concepts themselves. Conceptual research can, by making its own suggestions, stimulate discussions, at best moderate the discourse, but cannot lead it alone. The richness of the clinical evidence with which Gaddini supports his hypothesis, and the originality of his conceptions make this a rewarding and stimulating book for the practicing analyst and psychotherapist. Conceptual research in the context of methodological problems After this description of how conceptual research works there still remain — for a very last section — some issues, regarding its scientific status, to discuss.
Conclusion Systematic reflections on a concept and its use do not automatically lead to a better understanding between different disciplines; they also do not bring a unified psychoanalysis back. Sandler 1983 presumed that changes do not show in the same way at all places of our theoretical edifice, but that there are always concepts which are subject to particular tensions and criticism, and which therefore are of particular interest for conceptual research. All systematic attempts to clarify the explicit and implicit use of concepts qualify. Beyond all that, the person of the analyst is relevant for the use of concepts from a rather different perspective: concepts are in a special way tied to the analytic identity of analysts. In addition, such studies can contribute to a preliminary clarification of the concept, or help identify and work out any residual ambiguities.
Utilizing their own clinical case material, therapists constructed an index comprised of units of observation which were thought to be clinically relevant. Gedo launches his inquiry by reflecting expansively on recent assessments of Freud's character. To start with, there is the interwoven-ness with the place, where many concepts not only have their historical origin, but which, above all, is the central place, where they must prove their worth: the analytic situation. Full text not available from this repository. Analysts attempt to put the totality of these experiences into scientific language, to make them communicable, replicable, and criticizable via the concepts used.
However, it is not so obvious that this discoursive moment is being systematically applied and considered as essential. To achieve an adequate degree of elasticity means, walking a fine line between a fixed or even dogmatic definition and a quasi-private concept use. Any difficulties should be reported to your group administrator. A particular role therein is played by the tension between psychic reality and external reality — two realities that are not just simply in a representational relationship, which could be constructed by objective methods. Conceptual research thus defines itself not so much by its methods, but by its subject, the use of concepts, and its aim, the clarification of concepts for a detailed discussion see Dreher 2000; 2002.