Politische Sozialisation von Immigrantenkindern in vier europäischen Ländern. The authors offer an original contribution to the literature on democratic civil-military relations in that they present an ethnographic focus upon the armed forces as a social institution. As an institution relying on individuals and resources provided by society, the military has been studied by scholars from a wide range of disciplines: political science, sociology, history, psychology, anthropology, economics and administrative studies. It shows how these countries have worked to reform their obsolete armed forces, and bring them into line with the new economic and strategic realities of the post-Cold War world, with new bureaucratic structures in which civilians play the key policy-making roles, and with strengthened democratic political institutions which have the right to oversee the armed forces. The book concludes with the ironic reflection that it is in the best interest of the military as an institution to be under truly democratic control—that is, where all other means have truly been exhausted, where the mission is not ill-advised, highly-reckless, overly costly, against the will of the polled majority, and definitely the only means to achieve a goal in the public interest. Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated.
The Routledge Handbook of the Contemporary Philippines provides a comprehensive overview of the current political, economic, social, and cultural issues of the country. This is therefore essential reading for all students and scholars of strategic and security studies, Chinese studies and international relations. There are still issues with how to handle Swiss living abroad who have already passed recruitment and are already members of the Swiss militia army. Constructions of Otherness, in: Werner Schiffauer, Gerd Baumann, Riva Kastoryano und Steven Vertovec Hg. So, during civilian service in a research institute, one must not write personal academic papers to be submitted at a later time.
The Domestic Consequences of Security Sector Reform, London: Routledge, 269—285. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. This section covers traditional topics, such as electoral rules and federalism, as well as less conventional but equally important areas, including authoritarian institutions, labor market institutions, and the military. Soldiering in 21st Century Europe, London: Routledge Cass Military Studies Series Paperback , 3—22. This is an extremely important new development by a nation many predict to become a super power in the twenty-first century.
The idea is to consider what features of the political, sociological, and economic world we understand better because of the scholarly attention to institutions. This article may require to meet Wikipedia's. The chapters in this Handbook are divided over four parts: starting research, qualitative methods, quantitative methods, and finalizing a study, and every chapter starts with the description of a well-published study illustrating the methodological issues that will be dealt with in that particular chapter. This is true, for example, for a person in a wheelchair who is perfectly able to work in the administration of a. Politische Sozialisation von Immigrantenkindern in vier europäischen Ländern, Münster Waxmann , 2002, S. In addition, the authors analyze how such relations have been influenced by both internal and external factors. Democratic Civil Military Relations Mannitz Sabine can be very useful guide, and democratic civil military relations mannitz sabine play an important role in your products.
The Handbook is organized into three sections: The first section, consisting of six chapters, is organized around broad theoretical and empirical challenges affecting the study of institutions. A big difference between civilian and military service is that civilian service participants can greatly profit from his substitute service — in terms of work experience — to achieve a better position after the service, although it is formally not allowed to do civilian service with, for example, the goal of passing an exam in mind. Each chapter not only provides a summary of our current state of knowledge on the topic, but also advances claims that emphasise the research frontier on the topic and that should encourage greater investigation. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. These analyses build into the central theme that the emphasis of Chinese civil-military relations is shifting from politics to military tasks. Register a Free 1 month Trial Account. Please help if you can.
The authors emphasize that events following the end of the Cold War have involved seven transformations. Hence, this Handbook not only provides methodological know-how, but also offers a useful overview of military studies from a variety of research perspectives. These re-prioritized values are reflected in a changing role, mission, and ethos for the armed forces. Meanwhile, the authors stress that civilian control has become more difficult where soldiers are increasingly involved in missions geared to the interests of guarding international society rather than national sovereign interests. Politische Sozialisation von Immigrantenkindern in vier europäischen Ländern, Münster Waxmann , 2002, S.
Unless they have very severe handicaps such as , men are excused or declared unfit to serve in the military are forced to pay a substitute fee of about 3 percent of their yearly income until the age of 42, when military servicemen are normally released from further service. Yet, others are hybrids of the two with an increasing tendency to contract out. That construction exists in cooperation with other democratically-maintained militaries, which has undergirded democratic civil-military relations and relative peaceability across European democracies. In edited by Sabine Mannitz , Mannitz and fifteen other authors explore how European democracies, since the end of the Cold War, have witnessed transformations in their civil-military relations. It is thus a socially-constructed, political-military culture. Women are also allowed to serve in the civilian service or in the except in.
Such transformations, in raising pressures on soldiers, have made the ideal type of the democratic soldier a mixture of honesty, professionalism, diligence, military comradeship, obedience more difficult to achieve as it might overtax the capabilities of military personnel. While the book does not examine every country case in Europe France, Italy, Bulgaria, and the Scandinavian countries are notably excluded , it does offer cases from each European region southern, western, central, eastern, northern , while presenting cases of different variants of democracy. Not only have military structures been transformed to make them fit for these new types of deployments, but the new mission types highlight the necessity for democracies to come to terms with a new image and ethos of soldiering in defence of a transnational value community. Here, any man who is unable to do compulsory military service for can submit an application to be allowed to do substitute civilian service instead. Thus, thorough democratic control of the armed forces prevents any excesses not only by military officers themselves but also by civilian political elites, who must refrain from sending soldiers out on hastily conceived missions.
He is also concurrently Research Fellow at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt and German Institute of Global and Area Studies, Hamburg, Germany. Regarding economics and social policy, authors examine industrial policy, capital flight, microfinance, technocracy, economic nationalism, poverty, social welfare programs, and livelihoods. Category: History Author : David R. Policy recommendations in the domestic context of Germany, in: Júlia Szalai ed. The Handbook is divided into the following four sections concentrating on a different aspect of the Philippines: domestic politics; foreign relations; economics and social policy; cultures and movements. Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.