This categorical difference is also stable across stress and boundary conditions and is attributed to manner-based and perceptual recoverability constraints. The temporal coordination of Polish onset and coda clusters containing sibilants. They calculate the standard deviations for this data, finding that for most segments, the standard deviations for duration are larger when preceding a deleted vowel. Temporal organization of complex onsets and codas in American English: Testing the predictions of a gestural coupling model. Perfect clusters are those which satisfy all three scales non-vacuously, while non-acceptable clusters are those which violate the voicing scale. Journal of Phonetics 33, 47-75. But contributions also consider the integration of tonal and vocalic elements into syllable structure.
Prosodic boundary strength affected the duration of the C1 articulatory constriction more strongly than that of C2, while, conversely, differences in lexical stress affected C2 more strongly than C1. The papers on articulatory phonology in particular provide valuable insights into the correspondence between phonological structure and its articulatory realisation. Furthermore, addi-tional mechanisms of sound production are involved in the distinction of these sounds, such as frication. Perceptual and articulatory factors in German fricative assimilation. They observe that nearly half of all deletions occur either between voiceless consonants or following one word-finally. Journal of Phonetics, 41, 211-227.
The range of approaches is, as the editors intend, very wide, but there is a noticeable dearth of work in formal theoretical phonology, with only the contributions by Ferré et al. We expect that head-final languages will have more right-branching structures, and that clusters are phonologically dispreferred over this weaker boundary, while they are acceptable over a stronger one. Organization of Complex Onsets and Codas in American English: Evidence for a Competitive Coupling Model. Children who meet this definition are not identical in their characteristics, though some linguistic profiles are rather common. Phonetic variability and grammatical knowledge.
Since gestures are forbidden from lengthening, it must be assumed that assimilation is achieved by shortening the velar gestures, aligning them with the oral gesture. Using these scales, Tzakosta divides clusters into three categories, which she labels perfect a gradient category, despite the name , acceptable and non-acceptable. There- fore, three subjects were recorded by means of Electropalatography. Phonology 25 3 , 433-468. Like vowel deletion in many languages, Kozani Greek vowel deletion appears to be gradient, including degrees of devoicing and frication. For instance, although her acceptable clusters are often adjusted so that they have a greater distance on one of the scales e. Functional linear mixed model for irregularly spaced phonetics data.
The interaction between prosodic boundaries and accent in the production of sibilants. Clusters with nasal C2 may require less overlap in order to avoid compromising the acoustic characteristics of the C1 burst by early velar lowering. Asymmetries in the perception of speech production errors. The representation of features and relations in non-linear phonology. Consonant clusters, whether occurring within individual lexical items, or emerging in running speech at word boundaries, give particularly striking evidence for the temporal complexity of human speech. The effects of laryngeal specification on the timing of supra-laryngeal articulations have so far received little attention.
Greek prosodies and the nature of syllabification. The results show that C1 was consistently lengthened at higher boundaries, but only if the cluster was preceded by a clear pause. The results are discussed with respect to how articulatory coordination is constrained to allow acoustic recovery of segmental information by the listener; the possibility of cross-language differences in these constraints is raised. Between 'whims of fashion' and 'phonetic law': Performance constraints in speech production in the face of linguistic diversity. In order to identify different developmental trajectories and to take into account compensatory mechanisms, we further propose that such protocols should be carried out in individuals from childhood to adulthood representing a wide variety of clinical forms. However, they argue that if one considers more fine-grained distinctions of syllable complexity one may find evidence of a correlation.
The main aim of this workshop is to do justice to this complexity by bringing together researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, including speech production, speech perception, speech disorders, language typology, acquisition of first and second language, cognitive processes in lexical access. The book traces the nature and timing of prosodic and segmental development with due attention to evidence of individual differences and from cross-linguistic studies. The current project uses speech errors and syllabic organization to test the hypothesis that, at least in some cases, these phenomena may reflect complex molecular constellations comprised of articulatory gestures, and do not necessarily implicate abstract symbolic structures. New Data and Perspectives, Bolzano University Press, 81-97. Except for typically-developing monolingual children, all children performed significantly better on branching onsets than on internal codas. Furthermore, developmental trajectories combined with compensatory mechanisms will lead to various clinical and neurophysiological profiles which together constitute this Autism Spectrum Disorder.
An evaluation of the Aurora system as a flesh-point tracking tool for speech production research. Motor Control 14 3 , 380-407. Proceedings of the 10th International Seminar on Speech Production, Cologne, Germany, 5-8 May 2014. Since French does not commonly have aspirated stops, French clusters are expected to pattern with the voiced German clusters. However, the speech rate of low-frequency words with complex syllabic structure was slower than high-frequency words, and it was suspected that this might affect the results. For phonology these are in particular non words containing consonant clusters.
Interestingly, such clusters appear to be less stable diachronically and may be less favoured for the formation of complex onsets because of reduced scope for efficient parallel transmission of segmental information. Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistic Society Morelli, Frida. This theoretical framework explicitly models the temporal coordination of speech events and thus allows us to formulate and empirically test hypotheses about the relation of the observable, physical principles of speech to cognitive representations. The initial experiment found significant differences between non-words with simple and complex syllable structure with respect to the relative reaction time to words with high and low probability biphones, as predicted. Vowel targets without a hyperspace effect.