The recurring clashes between governor and assembly worked increasingly to awaken the colonists to the divergence between American and English interests. American Dance, by critic and journalist Margaret Fuhrer, traces that richly complex evolution. From June 19 to July 10, the Albany Congress, as it came to be known, met with the Iroquois at Albany, New York, in order to improve relations with them and secure their loyalty to the British. With the bulk of the early settlers living in villages and towns around the harbors, many New Englanders carried on some kind of trade or business. Not bound to a single crop as was Virginia, North and South Carolina also produced and exported rice and indigo, a blue dye obtained from native plants, which was used in coloring fabric.
The colonists -- inheritors of the traditions of the Englishman's long struggle for political liberty -- incorporated concepts of freedom into Virginia's first charter. Although their hardships were enormous, restless settlers kept coming, and by the 1730s they were pouring into the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia. Their sharp-stepped, gable roofs became a permanent part of the city's architecture, and their merchants gave Manhattan much of its original bustling, commercial atmosphere. Soon the interior was dotted with farms. These various developments have never before been presented in a single book, making American Dance the most comprehensive work on the subject to date. Breakdancing, musical-theater dance, disco, ballet, jazz, ballroom, modern, hula, the Charleston, the Texas two-step, swing--these are just some of the forms celebrated in this riveting volume Hundreds of photographs accompany the text, making American Dance as visually captivating as the works it depicts. The book progresses with constant-changing styles that became common after the Civil War.
About the Author: Margaret Fuhrer, editor in chief of Dance Spirit magazine, is an arts writer living in New York City. A longtime dancer and choreographer, she has a bachelor's degree in history from Princeton and a master's degree in journalism from New York University. Thus, full authority rested in the hands of persons residing in the colony. It is also interesting what the natives used their dances for. It taught reading, writing and keeping of accounts. I can't recommend this highly enough. To the narrow strip along the Atlantic coast had been added the vast expanse of Canada and the territory between the Mississippi River and the Allegheny Mountains, an empire in itself.
In the 1670s, the Lords of Trade and Plantations, a royal committee established to enforce the mercantile system on the colonies, moved to annul the Massachusetts Bay charter, because the colony was resisting the government's economic policy. The dancing styles of the nation reflect the changing immigrations and attitudes towards others. Quilts remain an American tradition today. By the late 17th century, Virginia's and Maryland's economic and social structure rested on the great planters and the yeoman farmers. These measures proved to be some of the most far-reaching in the entire colonial period.
Some of its stories - such as Fred Astaire dancing on the ceiling or Alvin Ailey founding the trailblazing company that bears his name - will be familiar to anyone who loves dance. New England shippers soon discovered, too, that rum and slaves were profitable commodities. Literary production in the colonies was largely confined to New England. Turning to other pursuits, the New Englanders harnessed water power and established grain mills and sawmills. The Bill of Rights and Toleration Act of 1689 affirmed freedom of worship for Christians and enforced limits on the Crown. The desire for learning did not stop at the borders of established communities, however.
The legislatures used these rights to check the power of royal governors and to pass other measures to expand their power and influence. The book starts with Native American dancing, which probably resembles the Jewish ones than European. A famous Puritan minister, the Reverend Cotton Mather, wrote some 400 works. Most dances take place in a line, circle, or procession. Nevertheless, the crown expected that the company would be resident in England. It was essential that London organize its now vast possessions to facilitate defense, reconcile the divergent interests of different areas and peoples, and distribute more evenly the cost of imperial administration.
The French threatened not only the British Empire but the American colonists themselves, for in holding the Mississippi Valley, France could limit their westward expansion. By the end of the colonial period, one-third of all vessels under the British flag were built in New England. Town officials convened a court to hear the charges of witchcraft, and swiftly convicted and executed a tavernkeeper, Bridget Bishop. From the middle of the 17th century onward it grew prosperous, and Boston became one of America's greatest ports. The dream of a French empire in North America was over. In the 18th century, the intellectual and cultural development of Pennsylvania reflected, in large measure, the vigorous personalities of two men: James Logan and Benjamin Franklin. In only two cases was the self-government provision omitted.
Others sent their children to school in England. The purpose of questioning is for you to pay attention to what you are most curious about as a result of the readings. A rich resource for students, teachers, and anyone curious about the many linages, past and present, of dance in the United States. This is the function of the American dance. In one way or another, exclusive rule from the outside withered away.