To remedy this, the Algerian government hired 10,988 academic monitors. We would like to ask you something … Fanack is an independent media organisation, not funded by any state or any interest group, that distributes in the Middle East and the wider world unbiased analysis and background information, based on facts, about the Middle East and North Africa. In the Sahara, other solutions have to be found that are not always sustainable. Solar energy An important future resource is solar energy generated in the desert regions. However, it gave way to and after the ' conquest, leaving only a few in those two languages.
The plans were complicated by the flight of 25,000 European teachers from Algeria and the illiteracy rate of 90%. The surface of the desert has several remarkable features. The major parks are the Hoggar Mountains near Tamanrasset, and the area near the south-eastern city of Djanet. Some specialized fields offer courses in French and courses in Arabic. Algerian Arabic does not necessarily stem from written Arabic. In the west, the string of oasis towns in the Touat region have been important staging posts for the trans-Saharan trade for hundreds of years. Major and minor roads are depicted along with railways, distance in kilometers, oil pipelines, gas production, state boundaries, airports, historical sites, and natural features.
Wild boar and the occasional bear survive here, as do the often more visible groups of monkeys. Winters can be cold, and summers are hot. Many companies also close on Thursday, making the weekend Thursday and Friday. For these reasons, the government has been actively developing the reserves. A language, it is more widely spoken far to the south in. Within Algerian Arabic itself, there are significant local variations; Jijel Arabic, in particular, is noteworthy for its pronunciation of qaf as kaf and its profusion of Berber loanwords, and certain ports' dialects show influence from Andalusi Arabic brought by refugees from al-Andalus.
That led the Government to invite Indians to teach the language in Algerian universities in 2012. French is also used in media and business. In graduate programs in social sciences, French is used. In the north-west the map extends to Khartoum to cover the whole course of the Blue Nile. The index is on the reverse.
France previously sold licenses to foreign fisheries to fish the Patagonian toothfish; because of overfishing, it is now restricted to a small number of fisheries from Réunion Island. In contrast, the High Plains that extend south of the Atlas get far less rain. The data are not included in the totals. The move around the room from your right greeting people individually. Almost all students prefer the French courses in those fields. The Sahara is very hot in summer, with temperatures that can reach more than 50˚C.
This also allows correspondents to write more freely about sensitive or controversial issues in their country. With the onset of the financial and economic crisis in Europe and, from 2011, political turmoil in North Africa, many investors have hesitated to honour their commitments. French is a part of the standard school curriculum, and is widely understood 18 million Algerians can write and read French, which is 50% of the population, and the figure is higher if those who can only speak and understand it are included; estimates indicate that 10 200 people in Algeria speak it as their native language, mostly who stayed behind and people raised in French-speaking households. Some places are extremely prone to disaster, such as the city that was known as Orleansville in colonial times. Wine grapes, one of the main products in colonial times, are still being grown, particularly in the region of Mascara, in the north-west. Coverage includes neighbouring Tunisia and most of Morocco. The inhabitants of the oases have also been able to cultivate vegetables that need more water by drilling wells, building irrigations systems, and creating a network of low walls to keep the sands out.
Full colour geographical map with relief shading and a place name index. Terrain features such as sand deserts, stone deserts, salt flats, water holes and swamps are distinguished, and selected peak heights are indicated. There are very few airstrips on the islands, only existing on islands with weather stations, and the 1,232 km 766 mi of coastline have no ports or harbors, only offshore anchorages. In February, 2016, a constitutional resolution was passed making Berber an official language alongside Arabic. Domestic consumption per capita is, however, lower than in other gas-producing countries, leaving a relatively large share for export. Futher south, the High Plains are delimited by the Anti- or Saharan Atlas, which are not as high as the more northern Atlas range. As time passed, the time in the educational system spent on French gradually declined.
During , the country became a major supplier of wine and of fruits such as oranges. The main fish resources are and. The islands in the Indian Ocean are supplied by the special ship sailing out of in. Retrieved on 12 March 2013. Coverage includes Eritrea and Djibouti, extending over the Red Sea to Sana'a and Aden. Other invaders soon discovered the enormous potential of the coastal plains.
Retrieved on 12 March 2013. The 1963 and 1976 constitutions do not mention Berber and French. Of 10 million Algerians, about 300,000 were fluent in while 1 million were able to read French and 6 million were able to speak French. A geological feature that has occasionally affected the country severely is the location of northern Algeria in the zone where the African and European tectonic plates meet, resulting in a high risk of earthquakes. . The most populated areas in the coastal plains lie on the edge of this zone.
We currently reach six million readers annually and growing fast. In most cases, the borders were delineated by the European colonial powers, especially France. The map is indexed, and selected location names are written in Arabic as well as standard Roman text. By 2008 the Algerian government began reintroducing French in the school system. Throughout history, the Atlas has allowed rural communities in mountain valleys and in remote desert and plain regions to live isolated from the rest of the country. The Atlas Mountains are home to nut and fruit trees as well. Over the last decade, large investments have been made in the development of desalination plants.